Document Detail

Agents for the management of plaque and gingivitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1629462     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Numerous chemical agents have been evaluated for the supplementation of patient-dependent mechanical plaque control and thus the reduction or prevention of oral diseases. Agents discussed in this paper are those most frequently evaluated in recent studies and include chlorhexidine, essential oils, triclosan, sanguinarine, fluorides, oxygenating agents, quaternary ammonium agents, prebrushing rinses, enzymes, and antibiotics. Of the agents discussed, the greatest effect on the reduction of plaque and gingivitis can be expected from chlorhexidine, essential oils, and triclosan-containing products. These chemical agents vary in dosage form and include mouthrinses, gels, and dentifrices. Some may also be of value as irrigants. Adverse effects vary according to the chemical agent and include poor taste, burning sensation of oral tissue, staining of teeth and soft tissues, excess supragingival calculus, oral lesions in young patients, and allergic reactions. When a product is selected for a patient, consideration should be given to necessity, efficacy, adverse effects, and cost-effectiveness.
S G Ciancio
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dental research     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0022-0345     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dent. Res.     Publication Date:  1992 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-08-18     Completed Date:  1992-08-18     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0354343     Medline TA:  J Dent Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1450-4     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Periodontology, State University of New York, Buffalo 14214.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Infective Agents, Local / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Dental Plaque / prevention & control*
Gingivitis / prevention & control*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Infective Agents, Local; 0/Dentifrices; 0/Mouthwashes

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