Document Detail


Agent-based modeling: a new approach for theory building in social psychology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18453457     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Most social and psychological phenomena occur not as the result of isolated decisions by individuals but rather as the result of repeated interactions between multiple individuals over time. Yet the theory-building and modeling techniques most commonly used in social psychology are less than ideal for understanding such dynamic and interactive processes. This article describes an alternative approach to theory building, agent-based modeling (ABM), which involves simulation of large numbers of autonomous agents that interact with each other and with a simulated environment and the observation of emergent patterns from their interactions. The authors believe that the ABM approach is better able than prevailing approaches in the field, variable-based modeling (VBM) techniques such as causal modeling, to capture types of complex, dynamic, interactive processes so important in the social world. The article elaborates several important contrasts between ABM and VBM and offers specific recommendations for learning more and applying the ABM approach.
Authors:
Eliot R Smith; Frederica R Conrey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1088-8683     ISO Abbreviation:  Pers Soc Psychol Rev     Publication Date:  2007 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-05     Completed Date:  2008-06-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9703164     Medline TA:  Pers Soc Psychol Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  87-104     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405-7007, USA. esmith4@indiana.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Humans
Interpersonal Relations*
Psychological Theory*
Psychology, Social*
Social Environment

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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