Document Detail

Aged widows and OASDI: age at and economic status before and after receipt of benefits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7221836     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This article, which is based on panel data from the Retirement History Study, analyzes the economic status of widows in late middle age. Its objectives are threefold: (1) To describe the income, labor-force, and demographic characteristics of widows 2 to 3 years before they become eligible for old-age benefits under the old-age, survivors, and disability insurance (OASDI) program; (2) to examine the age at which they elect benefits and the characteristics associated with that decision; and (3) to compare their economic status before and after they begin collecting benefits. The findings show that employment during the pre-OASDI period greatly influenced a widow's benefit-timing decision. Among workers, the decision was related to earnings, occupation, job tenure, extent of employment, income from assets, pension coverage, monthly benefit amount, and work limitations. Earnings and monthly benefit amount were important pivotal variables. Although the majority of widows experienced a reduction in their standard of living after moving into beneficiary status, a sizable minority--made up mainly of the most economically disadvantaged--experienced and improvement.
G T Rogers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social security bulletin     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0037-7910     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Secur Bull     Publication Date:  1981 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1981-06-23     Completed Date:  1981-06-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  22030305R     Medline TA:  Soc Secur Bull     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3-19     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Insurance Benefits
Middle Aged
Quality of Life
Single Person*
Social Security*
Socioeconomic Factors
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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