Document Detail


Age related neural adaptation following short term resistance training in women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11533557     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: This study examined the influence of age on neural facilitation and neural cross-education following short term unilateral dynamic resistance training with the hypothesis that older women may have a diminished ability for adaptation. METHODS: EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: This was a prospective, repeated measures design. The non-dominant left arm served as a control limb and follow-up testing was performed two weeks after pretesting. SETTING: Testing was conducted in the Neuromuscular Research Laboratory at the University of Oklahoma. PATIENTS: 20 females (n=10, young (YF) 20.8+/-0.1 yrs; n=10, older (OF) 58.1+/-0.14) were assessed. INTERVENTIONS: 14 days of training of the right elbow flexors only. On each day, subjects performed four sets of ten repetitions using 70 percent of maximal strength of the biceps brachii. MEASURES: The following variables in both right and left elbow flexor muscle groups were evaluated; isometric strength (IMS), efficiency of electrical activity (EEA) and estimated upper arm cross-sectional area (CSA). RESULTS: There were significant increases (p<or=0.01) in IMS of both the right (28 percent) and left (12-15 percent) muscle groups for both age groups. Strength improvements were explained by neural adaptation since there were no changes in upper arm CSA but consistent decreases in EEA (12-16 percent). While OF had consistently lower values for all variables, there were no significant age effects. CONCLUSIONS: Short term unilateral dynamic resistance training is a sufficient stimulus to induce significant strength increases in both trained and untrained contralateral limbs and that a neural mechanism is responsible for the muscular adaptation in both young and older women. Implication exists for unilateral stroke victims, individuals with single hip or knee replacements, or single limb casts.
Authors:
M G Bemben; R E Murphy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0022-4707     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Med Phys Fitness     Publication Date:  2001 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-09-04     Completed Date:  2002-01-29     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376337     Medline TA:  J Sports Med Phys Fitness     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  291-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, Department of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Oklahoma, Norman 73019, USA. mgbemben@ou.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological*
Adult
Aged
Aging / physiology*
Analysis of Variance
Biomechanics
Elbow Joint / innervation,  physiology*
Electromyography
Female
Humans
Isometric Contraction
Middle Aged
Muscle, Skeletal / innervation,  physiology*
Physical Education and Training / methods*
Reproducibility of Results

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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