Document Detail


Age-related hemodynamic and morphologic differences in patients undergoing alcohol septal ablation for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16799242     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Alcohol septal ablation (ASA) decreases the left ventricular (LV) outflow gradient and relieves symptoms in patients with highly symptomatic hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the early course of hemodynamic, morphologic and clinical changes in younger and elderly patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-four consecutive patients (age, 24-81 years) underwent the ASA procedure for HOCM. Clinical and echocardiographic data were obtained at baseline and periodically up to 12 months after ASA. There was a significant correlation between septum thickness and age at baseline and in the early post procedural period (p = 0.004 at baseline, p = 0.0033 days postoperative, p = 0.0193 weeks pos operative). The dependence of septal thickness on the duration of follow-up (p < 0.001) was significantly influenced by age (p = 0.026), which retained statistical significance after multivariate adjustment (p = 0.031). A decrease in the gradient of the LV outflow was identified in all age-related groups of patients (p < 0.001). After multivariate adjustment, there was a significant influence of age (p = 0.003) and creatine kinase-MB peak (p = 0.016) on the course of outflow gradient reduction. CONCLUSIONS: ASA is an effective treatment option for patients with HOCM, irrespective of their age. Younger patients are characterized by a thicker basal septum at baseline and a slower hemodynamic improvement within the early post procedural period.
Authors:
Josef Veselka; Radka Duchonová; Jana Pálenícková; David Zemánek; Premysl Sváb; Petr Hájek; Martin Maly; Petr Blásko; David Tesar; Pavel Cervinka
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society     Volume:  70     ISSN:  1346-9843     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ. J.     Publication Date:  2006 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-26     Completed Date:  2006-08-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137683     Medline TA:  Circ J     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  880-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Motol, Prague, Czech Republic. veselka.josef@seznam.cz
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic / pathology,  physiopathology,  therapy*
Catheter Ablation*
Central Nervous System Depressants / administration & dosage*
Ethanol / administration & dosage*
Heart Septum* / pathology,  physiopathology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Treatment Outcome
Ventricular Function, Left / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Central Nervous System Depressants; 64-17-5/Ethanol

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