Document Detail

Age-related differences in inference revision processing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11827445     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In comparison to younger adults, older adults demonstrate deficiencies in cognitive and linguistic abilities. Such cognitive factors that decline with age include working memory capacity and inhibitory abilities. The purpose of the present investigation was to measure differences in time course processing of inference revision abilities, as well as working memory, as they exist relative to adult age differences. Fifteen neurologically intact older adults and 15 younger adults participated in this study. A cross-modal lexical priming paradigm was chosen as the measure of the inference revision task; the listening span task of Tompkins, Bloise, Timko, and Baumgaertner (1994) was selected as the measure of working memory. Both groups demonstrated normal priming effects. No age-related differences were found on the working memory measure. Age-related differences did emerge on inferencing abilities. A significant correlation emerged between the older group's performance on comprehending inference revisions and their working memory capacity. Generally, inhibitory abilities and working memory capacity appeared to adversely affect older participant's performance.
Heather Harris Wright; Marilyn Newhoff
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain and language     Volume:  80     ISSN:  0093-934X     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Lang     Publication Date:  2002 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-02-05     Completed Date:  2002-05-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506220     Medline TA:  Brain Lang     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  226-39     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).
The University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40504, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Aged, 80 and over
Cognition Disorders / diagnosis*
Language Disorders / diagnosis*
Middle Aged
Reaction Time

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