Document Detail

Age-related changes in reasons for using alcohol and marijuana from ages 18 to 30 in a national sample.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21417516     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study used up to seven waves of data from 32 consecutive cohorts of participants in the national longitudinal Monitoring the Future study to model changes in self-reported reasons for using alcohol and marijuana by age (18 to 30), gender, and recent substance use. The majority of stated reasons for use decreased in prevalence across young adulthood (e.g., social/recreational and coping with negative affect reasons); exceptions included age-related increases in using to relax (alcohol and marijuana), to sleep (alcohol), because it tastes good (alcohol), and to get high (marijuana). Women were more likely than men to report drinking for reasons involving distress (i.e., to get away from problems), while men were more likely than women to endorse all other reasons. Greater substance use at age 18 was associated with greater likelihood of all reasons except to experiment and to fit in. A better understanding of developmental changes in reasons for use is important for understanding normative changes in substance use behaviors and for informing intervention efforts involving underlying reasons for use.
Megan E Patrick; John E Schulenberg; Patrick M O'Malley; Jennifer L Maggs; Deborah D Kloska; Lloyd D Johnston; Jerald G Bachman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1939-1501     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-14     Completed Date:  2011-10-28     Revised Date:  2014-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802734     Medline TA:  Psychol Addict Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  330-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved).
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Alcohol Drinking / psychology*
Health Surveys
Marijuana Smoking / psychology*
Grant Support
R01 DA 01411/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA001411/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA001411-25S1/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA016575/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA016575-01/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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