Document Detail


Age-related changes in fat deposition in mid-thigh muscle in women: relationships with metabolic cardiovascular disease risk factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10078845     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine if fat deposition within mid-thigh muscle, represented by low density lean tissue density, is associated with age, low physical fitness, hyperleptinemia, hyperinsulinemia and dyslipidemia in women.
SUBJECTS: Seventy-two women aged 18-69y with a wide range of total body fat (10-55%) and maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max: 17-61 ml/kg(-1)/min(-1)).
MEASUREMENTS: Mid-thigh muscle, mid-thigh fat, low density lean tissue, intra-abdominal adipose tissue (IAAT) and subcutaneous abdominal fat (by computed tomography, CT), fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) (by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, DEXA), plasma insulin and leptin (by radioimmunoassay, RIA) and lipoprotein lipid profiles (by enzymatic methods).
RESULTS: VO2max declined with age (r=-0.59, P<0.0001) while IAAT and subcutaneous abdominal fat increased with age (r=0.68, r=0.57, r=0.63, P<0.0001). Mid-thigh low density lean tissue correlated with age (r=0.52), VO2max (r=-0.56), FFM (r=0.35), fat mass (r=0.68), IAAT (r=0.66) and subcutaneous abdominal fat (r=0.67, all P<0.005). Mid-thigh low density lean tissue also correlated with fasting plasma leptin, insulin, triacylglycerol (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels (r=0.44, 0.34, 0.41, 0.50, 0.53, respectively, all P<0.005), but not after controlling for body fat and age. Subcutaneous abdominal fat, IAAT, FFM and age were independent predictors of low density lean tissue (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Mid-thigh low density lean tissue is directly related to age and adiposity. Furthermore, it appears that fat accretion in skeletal muscle adversely influences plasma insulin and lipoprotein metabolism in women, but not independently of total adiposity and age.
Authors:
A S Ryan; B J Nicklas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity     Volume:  23     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord.     Publication Date:  1999 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-05     Completed Date:  1999-05-05     Revised Date:  2014-06-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9313169     Medline TA:  Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  126-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipose Tissue / physiopathology*,  radiography
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aging / physiology*
Blood Glucose / analysis
Body Composition / physiology
Body Mass Index
Body Weights and Measures*
Cardiovascular Diseases / blood,  etiology*
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Insulin / blood
Leptin
Lipoproteins / blood
Menopause / physiology
Middle Aged
Obesity / blood,  physiopathology*
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Fitness / physiology
Proteins / analysis
Risk Factors
Thigh
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1T32-AG00219/AG/NIA NIH HHS; KO1-A600747//PHS HHS; R29-A614066//PHS HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Insulin; 0/Leptin; 0/Lipoproteins; 0/Proteins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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