Document Detail

Age-related hearing loss and ear morphology affect vertical but not horizontal sound-localization performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23319012     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Several studies have attributed deterioration of sound localization in the horizontal (azimuth) and vertical (elevation) planes to an age-related decline in binaural processing and high-frequency hearing loss (HFHL). The latter might underlie decreased elevation performance of older adults. However, as the pinnae keep growing throughout life, we hypothesized that larger ears might enable older adults to localize sounds in elevation on the basis of lower frequencies, thus (partially) compensating their HFHL. In addition, it is not clear whether sound localization has already matured at a very young age, when the body is still growing, and the binaural and monaural sound-localization cues change accordingly. The present study investigated sound-localization performance of children (7-11 years), young adults (20-34 years), and older adults (63-80 years) under open-loop conditions in the two-dimensional frontal hemifield. We studied the effect of age-related hearing loss and ear size on localization responses to brief broadband sound bursts with different bandwidths. We found similar localization abilities in azimuth for all listeners, including the older adults with HFHL. Sound localization in elevation for the children and young adult listeners with smaller ears improved when stimuli contained frequencies above 7 kHz. Subjects with larger ears could also judge the elevation of sound sources restricted to lower frequency content. Despite increasing ear size, sound localization in elevation deteriorated in older adults with HFHL. We conclude that the binaural localization cues are successfully used well into later stages of life, but that pinna growth cannot compensate the more profound HFHL with age.
Rik J Otte; Martijn J H Agterberg; Marc M Van Wanrooij; Ad F M Snik; A John Van Opstal
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2013-01-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology : JARO     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1438-7573     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Assoc. Res. Otolaryngol.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-12     Completed Date:  2013-09-06     Revised Date:  2014-04-01    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100892857     Medline TA:  J Assoc Res Otolaryngol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  261-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Acoustic Stimulation
Aged, 80 and over
Aging / physiology*
Auditory Perception / physiology
Ear Auricle / anatomy & histology*
Hearing / physiology
Hearing Loss / physiopathology*
Middle Aged
Models, Biological
Sound Localization / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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