Document Detail

Age and gender as moderators of the relationship between physical activity and alcohol use.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21561719     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Understanding moderators of the relationship between physical activity (PA) and alcohol use is important for clarifying the mechanisms underlying these behaviors and informing health promotion interventions. This study examined age and gender as two candidate moderators of the PA-alcohol use link.
METHOD: As part of a correlational, cross-sectional population-based study of US 34,653 adults, participants were administered surveys assessing demographics, alcohol use, moderate and vigorous PA, and other characteristics. Composite indices of the frequency and quantity of alcohol use and PA were utilized in analyses.
RESULTS: Age moderated the association between past-year vigorous PA and alcohol use (ps ≤ .01). Vigorous PA was positively associated with alcohol use in individuals under 50 years of age (ps ≤ .05), but not in individuals over 50 years of age (ps ≥ 0.05). Gender moderated the association between past-year moderate PA and alcohol use (ps<.001). The relation was stronger in males (β=.72) than in females (β=.41). Each of the findings remained significant even when controlling for demographics, psychiatric variables, and other potential confounds.
CONCLUSION: Among the American population of adults, age appears to moderate the relationship between vigorous PA and alcohol use, whereas gender appears to moderate the relationship between moderate PA and alcohol use. These findings shed light on the underlying mechanisms that may account for increased alcohol use in exercisers and may have clinical implications for alcohol screening and interventions in adults who lead active lifestyles.
Nadra E Lisha; Matthew Martens; Adam M Leventhal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-04-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1873-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-20     Completed Date:  2011-11-22     Revised Date:  2014-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  933-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Middle Aged
Sex Factors
United States / epidemiology
Young Adult
Grant Support
K08 DA025041/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K08 DA025041-01A1/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA026831/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA026831-03/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

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