Document Detail

Age differences in the use of beneficial and misleading cues in recall: with a comment on the measurement of between-group differences in accuracy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21240819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Young and old subjects were tested on their memory for paired-associate terms when cued with either facilitative or misleading word stems. After studying a long list of pairs of unrelated words (e.g., hair-turtle), recall of a particular target term was cued in a facilitative manner (hair-tu____) or a misleading manner (hair-ta____). The effects of these cues were assessed relative to a baseline condition in which levels of performance lay between the other two (hair-t____). To interpret the age-related effects of the facilitative and misleading cues relative to baseline, the variance in differences between the baseline and the experimental conditions related to the overall baseline level was factored out, and age-related differences as a function of cue were assessed on the remaining variability. This analysis revealed that the two age groups differed both in their ability to overcome the adverse effects of the misleading cue and also to take advantage of the benefits afforded by the facilitative cue. This combination of results is consistent with the view that aging results in a loss of general strategic control, and not specifically inhibitory control, over the effects of retrieval cues.
Aaron S Benjamin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental aging research     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1096-4657     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Aging Res     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-17     Completed Date:  2011-04-27     Revised Date:  2014-09-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603335     Medline TA:  Exp Aging Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Aging / psychology*
Mental Recall*
Neuropsychological Tests
Young Adult
Grant Support
R01 AG026263/AG/NIA NIH HHS; R01 AG026263-05/AG/NIA NIH HHS

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