Document Detail


Age at First Drink Moderates the Impact of Current Stressful Life Events on Drinking Behavior in Young Adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21410482     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background:  Recent evidence from animal experiments and studies in humans suggests that early age at first drink (AFD) may lead to higher stress-induced drinking. The present study aimed to extend these findings by examining whether AFD interacted with stressful life events (SLE) and/or with daily hassles regarding the impact on drinking patterns among young adults. Method:  In 306 participants of an epidemiological cohort study, AFD was assessed together with SLE during the past 3 years, daily hassles in the last month, and drinking behavior at age 22. As outcome variables, 2 variables were derived, reflecting different aspects of alcohol use: the amount of alcohol consumed in the last month and the drinking frequency, indicated by the number of drinking days in the last month. Results:  Linear regression models revealed an interaction effect between the continuous measures of AFD and SLE on the amount of alcohol consumed. The earlier young adults had their first alcoholic drink and the higher the levels of SLE they were exposed to, the disproportionately more alcohol they consumed. Drinking frequency was not affected by an interaction of these variables, while daily hassles and their interaction with AFD were unrelated to drinking behavior. Conclusions:  These findings highlight the importance of early age at drinking onset as a risk factor for later heavy drinking under high load of SLE. Prevention programs should aim to raise age at first contact with alcohol. Additionally, support in stressful life situations and the acquisition of effective coping strategies might prevent heavy drinking in those with earlier drinking onset.
Authors:
Dorothea Blomeyer; Arlette F Buchmann; Brigitte Schmid; Christine Jennen-Steinmetz; Martin H Schmidt; Tobias Banaschewski; Manfred Laucht
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1530-0277     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7707242     Medline TA:  Alcohol Clin Exp Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.
Affiliation:
From the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (DB, AFB, BS, MHS, TB, ML), Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany; Department of Addictive Behavior and Addiction Medicine (AFB), Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany; Department of Biostatistics (CJS), Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany; Department of Psychology, Division of Clinical Psychology (ML), University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany.
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