Document Detail


Age-Related Topographical Metabolic Signatures for the Rat Gastrointestinal Contents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22129435     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Symbiotic gut microbiota is essential for mammalian physiology and analyzing the metabolite compositions of gastrointestinal contents is vital for understanding the microbiome-host interactions. To understand the developmental dependence of the topographical metabolic signatures for the rat gastrointestinal contents, we systematically characterized the metabolite compositional variations of the contents in rat jejunum, ileum, cecum and colon for two age groups using 1H NMR spectroscopy and multivariate analysis. Significant topographical metabolic variations were present for the jejunal, ileal, cecal, colonic contents and feces, reflecting the absorption functions for each intestinal region and the gut microbiota therein. The concentrations of amino acids, lactate, creatine, choline, bile acids, uracil and urocanate decreased drastically from jejunal to ileal contents followed with steady decreases from cecal content to feces. Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and arabinoxylan-related carbohydrates had highest levels in cecal content and feces respectively. Such topographical metabolic signatures for the intestinal contents varied with animal age highlighted by the level changes for lactate, choline, taurine, amino acids, carbohydrates, keto-acids and SCFAs. These findings provided essential information for the topographical metabolic variations in gastrointestinal tract and demonstrated the metabolic profiling as a useful approach for understanding host-microbiome interactions and functional status of the gastrointestinal regions.
Authors:
Yuan Tian; Limin Zhang; Yulan Wang; Huiru Tang
Related Documents :
6626575 - Polar metabolites of di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate in the rat.
3714145 - Relationship between 201tl uptake and oxidative metabolism in cultured myocardial cells.
20932325 - Identification of differences in human and great ape phytanic acid metabolism that coul...
20399795 - Disturbance of mitochondrial energy homeostasis caused by the metabolites accumulating ...
9522175 - Fatty acid compositions in mucus and roe of haruan, channa striatus, for wound healing.
17613135 - Final report on the safety assessment of maleic acid.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of proteome research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1535-3907     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101128775     Medline TA:  J Proteome Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Biogeography of species richness gradients: linking adaptive traits, demography and diversification.
Next Document:  Platelet signalling networks: Pathway perturbation demonstrates differential sensitivity of ADP secr...