Document Detail

Age-related changes in triathlon performances.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20166005     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was two-fold: i) to analyse age-related declines in swimming, cycling, and running performances for Olympic and Ironman triathlons, and ii) to compare age-related changes in these three disciplines between the Olympic and Ironman triathlons. Swimming, cycling, running and total time performances of the top 10 males between 20 and 70 years of age (in 5 years intervals) were analysed for two consecutive world championships (2006 and 2007) for Olympic and Ironman distances. There was a lesser age-related decline in cycling performance (p<0.01) compared with running and swimming after 55 years of age for Olympic distance and after 50 years of age for Ironman distance. With advancing age, the performance decline was less pronounced (p<0.01) for Olympic than for Ironman triathlon in cycling (>55 years) and running (>50 years), respectively. In contrast, an age-related decline in swimming performance seemed independent of triathlon distance. The age-related decline in triathlon performance is specific to the discipline, with cycling showing less declines in performance with age than swimming and running. The magnitude of the declines in cycling and running performance at Ironman distance is greater than at Olympic distance, suggesting that task duration exerts an important influence on the magnitude of the age-associated changes in triathlon performance.
R Lepers; F Sultana; T Bernard; C Hausswirth; J Brisswalter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2010-02-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1439-3964     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-26     Completed Date:  2010-08-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  251-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart . New York.
UFR STAPS - Université de Bourgogne, INSERM - U887 Motricité - Plasticité, DIJON, France.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Aging / physiology*
Analysis of Variance
Bicycling / physiology*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise Tolerance / physiology*
Middle Aged
Running / physiology*
Swimming / physiology*
Task Performance and Analysis
Time Factors
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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