Document Detail

African Americans' access to healthy food options in South Los Angeles restaurants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15798128     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: We examined availability and food options at restaurants in less affluent (target area) and more affluent (comparison area) areas of Los Angeles County to compare residents' access to healthy meals prepared and purchased away from home. We also considered environmental prompts that encourage the purchase of various foods.
METHODS: We designed an instrument to assess the availability, quality, and preparation of food in restaurants. We also assessed advertisements and promotions, cleanliness, and service for each restaurant. We assessed 659 restaurants: 348 in the target area and 311 in the comparison area.
RESULTS: The nutritional resource environment in our target area makes it challenging for residents to eat healthy away from home. Poorer neighborhoods with a higher proportion of African American residents have fewer healthy options available, both in food selections and in food preparation; restaurants in these neighborhoods heavily promote unhealthy food options to residents.
CONCLUSIONS: Environment is important in understanding health status: support for the healthy lifestyle associated with lower risks for disease is difficult in poorer communities with a higher proportion of African American residents.
LaVonna Blair Lewis; David C Sloane; Lori Miller Nascimento; Allison L Diamant; Joyce Jones Guinyard; Antronette K Yancey; Gwendolyn Flynn;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  95     ISSN:  0090-0036     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-30     Completed Date:  2005-06-30     Revised Date:  2013-06-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  668-73     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
School of Policy, Planning and Development, University of Southern California, 650 Childs Way, Ralph and Goldy Lewis Hall Room 309, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0626, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans / statistics & numerical data*
Chi-Square Distribution
Diet Surveys
Health Status*
Los Angeles
Poverty Areas
Residence Characteristics
Grant Support
02153//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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