Document Detail


African American's awareness of disparities in infant mortality rates and sudden infant death syndrome risks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20693737     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
African American infant mortality rates (IMR) in San Francisco have remained 2.5 to three times those of Whites for over 20 years. METHODS: A 69-item telephone survey of African American residents in four neighborhoods with the most African American births assessed awareness of IMR disparities, associated risks, and social capital. RESULTS: Of the 804 respondents, 57% were not aware of the IMR disparity. Higher levels of awareness occurred in those volunteering (OR 1.5, CI 1.1-2.0), participating in efforts to benefit the African American community (OR 1.8, CI 1.3-2.4), sensing that they belonged in their neighborhood (OR 1.7, CI 1.2-2.3), and being aware of a local African American-led initiative to improve infant health (OR 2.3, CI 1.7-3.9). Lack of awareness can be a barrier to a population's engagement in improving its overall health. CONCLUSION: Lack of awareness of IMR disparities and risk factors exists in the San Francisco African American population and is related to less social capital. Improving awareness is a prerequisite for implementing community level interventions.
Authors:
Geraldine Oliva; Jennifer Rienks; Virginia Smyly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of health care for the poor and underserved     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1548-6869     ISO Abbreviation:  J Health Care Poor Underserved     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-09     Completed Date:  2010-09-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9103800     Medline TA:  J Health Care Poor Underserved     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  946-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of California, San Francisco Family Health Outcomes Project, San Francisco, CA 94143-0900, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
African Americans / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data
Consumer Participation
European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Health Status Disparities*
Health Surveys
Humans
Infant
Infant Mortality / ethnology*,  trends
Male
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
San Francisco / epidemiology
Social Identification
Social Support
Sudden Infant Death / ethnology*
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
#U50/CCU922152//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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