Document Detail


Affective moderators of the cardiovascular response to stress in offspring of hypertensives.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1560427     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study examined the influence of trait anxiety on the cardiovascular responses of normotensive offspring of hypertensives and normotensives. Forty-eight young adult males, half of whom were offspring of hypertensives (PH+), were exposed to an extended active coping stressor. This was a 1 hr shock avoidance procedure with avoidance made contingent on video-game performance. Trait anxiety status interacted with parental history of hypertension in predicting cardiovascular response. PH+ subjects who scored high on trait anxiety exhibited greater elevations of heart rate and forearm blood flow, and decreases in forearm vascular resistance than did PH+/low trait anxiety subjects or offspring of normotensives (PH-). Cardiovascular responses of PH+/low trait anxiety subjects did not differ significantly from those of PH- subjects. Results suggest affective factors may moderate cardiovascular responses of individuals at risk for hypertension.
Authors:
S B Miller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of psychosomatic research     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0022-3999     ISO Abbreviation:  J Psychosom Res     Publication Date:  1992 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-05-11     Completed Date:  1992-05-11     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376333     Medline TA:  J Psychosom Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  149-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anxiety / genetics*,  psychology
Arousal / genetics*
Blood Pressure / genetics
Heart Rate / genetics
Humans
Hypertension / genetics*,  psychology
Male
Personality Inventory
Stress, Psychological / complications

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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