Document Detail


Affective differences among daily tobacco users, occasional users, and non-users.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17919829     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The current study (n=340 college students) examined individual differences in affective functioning among daily tobacco users, occasional users, and non-users. Tobacco use frequency in the past 6 months was positively associated with negative affect, affect lability, and rising reactivity while negatively associated with positive affect and falling reactivity. Multinomial logit analysis indicated that affect lability was positively associated with the likelihood of being either a non-user or a daily user relative to an occasional user. Positive affect and falling reactivity were positively associated and rising reactivity negatively associated with the likelihood of being a non-user relative to a daily user. The results indicate that daily tobacco use is associated with multiple indices of dysregulated affect. Daily tobacco use is associated with increased reactivity and decreased emotional stability coupled with decreased positive affect and a slowed rate of returning to baseline once aroused. Greater affect lability emerged as the primary affective difference between daily and occasional users.
Authors:
Robert D Dvorak; Jeffrey S Simons
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2007-09-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0306-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-12     Completed Date:  2008-04-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  211-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology The University of South Dakota 414 E Clark St, Vermillion, SD 57069, United States.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Affect / physiology*
Female
Humans
Male
Tobacco Use Disorder / psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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