Document Detail

Affect of the unconscious: visually suppressed angry faces modulate our decisions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23224765     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Emotional and affective processing imposes itself over cognitive processes and modulates our perception of the surrounding environment. In two experiments, we addressed the issue of whether nonconscious processing of affect can take place even under deep states of unawareness, such as those induced by interocular suppression techniques, and can elicit an affective response that can influence our understanding of the surrounding environment. In Experiment 1, participants judged the likeability of an unfamiliar item--a Chinese character--that was preceded by a face expressing a particular emotion (either happy or angry). The face was rendered invisible through an interocular suppression technique (continuous flash suppression; CFS). In Experiment 2, backward masking (BM), a less robust masking technique, was used to render the facial expressions invisible. We found that despite equivalent phenomenological suppression of the visual primes under CFS and BM, different patterns of affective processing were obtained with the two masking techniques. Under BM, nonconscious affective priming was obtained for both happy and angry invisible facial expressions. However, under CFS, nonconscious affective priming was obtained only for angry facial expressions. We discuss an interpretation of this dissociation between affective processing and visual masking techniques in terms of distinct routes from the retina to the amygdala.
Jorge Almeida; Petra E Pajtas; Bradford Z Mahon; Ken Nakayama; Alfonso Caramazza
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cognitive, affective & behavioral neuroscience     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1531-135X     ISO Abbreviation:  Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-28     Completed Date:  2013-07-19     Revised Date:  2014-09-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101083946     Medline TA:  Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  94-101     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Affect / physiology*
Anger / physiology*
Decision Making / physiology*
Facial Expression*
Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology
Photic Stimulation
Social Perception
Subliminal Stimulation
Unconscious (Psychology)*

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