Document Detail

Affairs of the wounded heart: penetrating cardiac wounds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  448784     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
During the 10-year period ending 1 March 1978, 100 consecutive patients with penetrating cardiac wounds entered the Bexar County Hospital with some sign of life. The early and late mortality rate, 11%, declined to 8% during the last 4 years. Noncardiac injuries were responsible for six of the eleven deaths. Complications occurred in 17. The most frequently injured chambers were the right ventricle (46) and left ventricle (30). Sixty-nine patients had stab wounds and 26 had gunshot wounds. Pericardiocentesis was falsely positive or negative in 12 of 47 patients. Two distinct syndromes were apparent, hemorrhagic shock and cardiac tamponade. Patients with shock had immediate thoracotomy. Patients with suspected tamponade had a subxiphoid pericardial window, under local or light general anesthesia, for diagnosis and decompression before endotracheal intubation and sternotomy. Most wounds were repaired by direct suture. Cardiopulmonary bypass and thoracotomy before arrival in the operating room were rarely indicated.
J K Trinkle; R S Toon; J L Franz; K V Arom; F L Grover
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of trauma     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0022-5282     ISO Abbreviation:  J Trauma     Publication Date:  1979 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-09-01     Completed Date:  1979-09-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376373     Medline TA:  J Trauma     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  467-72     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Tamponade / diagnosis,  surgery
Drainage / methods
Heart Injuries / diagnosis,  surgery*
Wounds, Penetrating / diagnosis,  surgery*

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