Document Detail


Aetiology of catheter-associated bacteriuria in Lagos University Teaching Hospital.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15997255     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A prospective study to determine the causative agents of catheter-related bacteriuria was carried out on 99 patients with median age of 55 years, on admission in the Oncology, Paediatric Surgery and Obstetric and Gynaecology wards of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital. There was significant bacteriuria in seventy-one (72%) of the 99 urine samples. All catheter urine samples were contaminated by day 5 Gram-negative bacilli were predominant (89.3%) of which Pseudomonas aeruginosa (26.2%) was the most common, while Escherichia coli and Enterobacter aerogenes accounted for 15.5% each, closely followed by Proteus mirabilis (14.3%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (9.5%). The Gram positive isolates Enterococcus faecalis (8.3%) and Staphylococcus saprophyticus (2.4%) made up only 10.7% of isolates. Most of the isolates from catheterised patients were resistant to the common antibiotics such as ampicillin, cotrimoxazole, gentamicin and ceftriaxone with high susceptibility to ofloxacin and ceftazidime though the isolates of Enterococcus faecalis was also resistant to ofloxacin. However, isolates of S. saprophyticus were still susceptible to the penicillins and tetracycline.
Authors:
U E Okafor; F T Ogunsola; O A Osinupebi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Nigerian postgraduate medical journal     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1117-1936     ISO Abbreviation:  Niger Postgrad Med J     Publication Date:  2005 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-07-05     Completed Date:  2005-09-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9613595     Medline TA:  Niger Postgrad Med J     Country:  Nigeria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  89-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, PMB 12003, Lagos, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Bacteriuria
Catheterization / adverse effects*
Child
Child, Preschool
Cross Infection / etiology*,  microbiology
Female
Hospitals, Teaching
Humans
Male
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Nigeria

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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