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An Aerodynamic Study of Labial Stop Consonants After Laser Cordectomy of Types II-III.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25444157     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to compare the aerodynamic parameters of intraoral pressure (IOP), oral airflow (OAF), and estimated transglottal pressure of 10 French patients treated by a cordectomy of types II-III with a group of 10 French healthy subjects.
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective.
METHODS: The collection of the aerodynamic data was conducted with EVA2. Parameters were measured using logatomes of the type CV1·CV2·CVC3 where C represents [p,b] and V is one of the vowels [a,i,u] in the positions one and two (n = 240). The maximum peaks of IOP of the plosives [p] and [b] and the maximum peaks of OAF at their releases were extracted. Finally, the transglottal pressure was estimated, necessary for the voicing of [b], to establish the difference in the IOP mean peak of [p] and [b] at the same intensity. Subsequently, the differences in IOP for both positions and each vocalic contexts, "IOP(p-b)" were calculated, and the reports of these differences for the IOP of [p], viz "IOP(p-b)/IOP(p)", were established for a normalization of the results.
RESULTS: This study highlights an increase of the IOP and the OAF in voiceless contexts for both groups. The elevation of both parameters observed for the patients-confirmed by the calculation of the estimated transglottal pressure-does show some degree of laryngeal incompetence.
CONCLUSIONS: The patients treated by cordectomy of types II-III maintain a relatively good voicing contrast. A certain difficulty in the execution of this articulatory feature is found.
Lucille Wallet
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-4588     ISO Abbreviation:  J Voice     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-3    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8712262     Medline TA:  J Voice     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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