Document Detail


Aerobic power during maximal exercise in untrained and well-trained persons with quadriplegia and paraplegia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3232045     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aerobic power during maximal exercise was studied in 58 males with traumatic spinal cord lesions from C4 to L4 (25 well-trained "world-class athletes" and 33 untrained). For comparison we tested five well arm-trained and five arm-untrained able-bodied subjects. During maximal wheelchair exercise the aerobic power (VO2 peak), pulmonary ventilation and blood lactate concentration was higher in subjects with lower levels of spinal cord injury. At each injury level above C6-C7, nearly all trained subjects reached higher VO2 peaks than untrained subjects with the corresponding level of lesion. The mean values for trained paraplegic persons were 2.16 +/- 0.38 l x min-1, corresponding to 33.6 +/- 6.7 ml x kg-1 x min-1. The peak heart rate was lower in the quadriplegic than in the paraplegic group with no or only small difference between trained and untrained subjects at the same level of spinal cord injury. Spinal cord lesions with pareses reduce the total active skeletal muscle mass. This can cause physical inactivity, medical complications and social isolation. As a consequence, cardiovascular disorders as cause of death is higher in this group compared to the general population. Therefore, one aim of rehabilitation is to increase the individual's performance in daily life activities. It has been shown that the normal daily life activities of quadri- and paraplegic individuals with no additional physical training are not intense enough to maintain a satisfactory level of physical fitness.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
P Eriksson; L Löfström; B Ekblom
Related Documents :
16023475 - Intra-abdominal pressure increases stiffness of the lumbar spine.
3407025 - Ureteral access system. technique and results.
11930165 - Direct protection of inosine on pc12 cells against zinc-induced injury.
1573185 - Incidence of injury during moderate- and high-intensity walking training in the elderly.
19561035 - Vibration therapy in multiple sclerosis: a pilot study exploring its effects on tone, m...
6406585 - Evaluation of left ventricular function by radionuclide angiography during exercise in ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0036-5505     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand J Rehabil Med     Publication Date:  1988  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-04-17     Completed Date:  1989-04-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0212503     Medline TA:  Scand J Rehabil Med     Country:  SWEDEN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  141-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology III, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Exercise Test*
Heart Rate
Humans
Lactates / blood
Male
Middle Aged
Oxygen / physiology*
Paraplegia / physiopathology*,  rehabilitation
Physical Fitness*
Pulmonary Diffusing Capacity
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Quadriplegia / physiopathology*,  rehabilitation
Wheelchairs
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lactates; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Proresid in the long-term treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
Next Document:  Degree of pain and grade of subluxation in the painful hemiplegic shoulder.