Document Detail


Aerobic fitness and its relationship to sport, exercise training and habitual physical activity during youth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21836169     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To analyse aerobic fitness and its relationship with sport participation, exercise training and habitual physical activity (HPA) during youth.
METHODS: Studies were located through computer searches of Medline, SPORT Discus and personal databases. Systematic reviews of time trends in aerobic fitness/performance, and exercise training and peak oxygen uptake (peak VO(2)) are reported.
RESULTS: Peak VO(2) increases with age and maturation. Boys' peak VO(2) is higher than girls'. Despite data showing a decrease in performance test estimates of aerobic fitness there is no compelling evidence to suggest that young people have low levels of peak VO(2) or that it is declining over time. The primary time constant of the VO(2) kinetics response to moderate and heavy intensity exercise slows with age and the VO(2) kinetics response to heavy intensity exercise is faster in boys. There is a negative correlation between lactate threshold as a percentage of peak VO(2) and age but differences related to maturation or sex remain to be proven. Young athletes have higher peak VO(2), a faster primary time constant and accumulate less blood lactate at the same relative exercise intensity than their untrained peers. Young people can increase their peak VO(2) through exercise training but a meaningful relationship between aerobic fitness and HPA has not been demonstrated.
CONCLUSIONS: During youth the responses of the components of aerobic fitness vary in relation to age, maturation and sex. Exercise training will enhance aerobic fitness but a relationship between young people's current HPA and aerobic fitness remains to be proven.
Authors:
Neil Armstrong; Grant Tomkinson; Ulf Ekelund
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of sports medicine     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1473-0480     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-12     Completed Date:  2011-10-14     Revised Date:  2014-02-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0432520     Medline TA:  Br J Sports Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  849-58     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Cardiac Output / physiology
Child
Exercise / physiology*
Female
Heart Rate / physiology
Humans
Male
Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
Physical Fitness / physiology*
Sex Factors
Sports / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MC_U106179473//Medical Research Council

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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