Document Detail


Aerobic exercise as therapy for cancer fatigue.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9565925     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Fatigue and impairment of physical performance are common and severe problems of cancer patients. We describe the effect of an aerobic exercise program designed for cancer patients suffering from these symptoms. METHODS: Five cancer patients (4 female, 1 male, age 18 to 55), participated in the training program. Fatigue had been present for a time ranging between 5 wk and 18 months and hindered the patients from carrying out normal daily activities. The training program consisted of walking daily on a treadmill with an intensity corresponding to a lactate concentration of 3 +/- 0.5 mmol.L-1 and was carried out for 6 wk. RESULTS: By the end of the exercise program we observed an improvement in maximal physical performance (from 6.4 +/- 0.4 km.h-1 to 7.5 +/- 0.9 km.h-1, P < 0.05) and maximal walked distance (from 1640 +/- 724 m to 3300 +/- 953 m, P < 0.05). Heart rate and lactate concentration by an equivalent submaximal workload (5 km.h-1) were significant reduced (from 138 +/- 21 beats.min-1 to 113 +/- 20 beats.min-1, P < 0.05, and from 2.6 +/- 1.4 mmol.L-1 to 1.3 +/- 0.6 mmol.L-1, P < 0.05); all patients experienced a clear reduction of fatigue and could carry out normal daily activities again without substantial limitations. CONCLUSION: We conclude that an aerobic exercise program of precisely defined intensity, duration, and frequency can be prescribed as therapy for primary fatigue in cancer patients.
Authors:
F Dimeo; B G Rumberger; J Keul
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1998 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-06-22     Completed Date:  1998-06-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  475-8     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Rehabilitation, Prevention and Sports Medicine, Freiburg University Medical Center, Germany. Ferdimeo@zedat.fu-berlin.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Exercise Therapy*
Fatigue / etiology*,  rehabilitation
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasms / complications*
Physical Fitness

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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