Document Detail

Aerobic capacity and peak power output of elite quadriplegic games players.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16611721     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Participation in wheelchair sports such as tennis and rugby enables people with quadriplegia to compete both individually and as a team at the highest level. Both sports are dominated by frequent, intermittent, short term power demands superimposed on a background of aerobic activity.
OBJECTIVE: To gain physiological profiles of highly trained British quadriplegic athletes, and to examine the relation between aerobic and sprint capacity.
METHODS: Eight male quadriplegic athletes performed an arm crank exercise using an ergometer fitted with a Schoberer Rad Messtechnik (SRM) powermeter. The sprint test consisted of three maximum-effort sprints of five seconds duration against a resistance of 2%, 3%, and 4% of body mass. The highest power output obtained was recorded (PPO). Peak oxygen consumption (V(O2peak)), peak heart rate (HR(peak)), and maximal power output (PO(aer)) were determined.
RESULTS: Mean PO(aer) was 67.7 (16.2) W, mean V(O2peak) was 0.96 (0.17) litres/min, and HR(peak) was 134 (19) beats/min for the group. There was high variability among subjects. Peak power over the five second sprint for the group was 220 (62) W. There was a significant correlation between V(O2peak) (litres/min) and PO(aer) (W) (r = 0.74, p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: These British quadriplegic athletes have relatively high aerobic fitness when compared with the available literature. Moreover, the anaerobic capacity of these athletes appeared to be relatively high compared with paraplegic participants.
V Goosey-Tolfrey; P Castle; N Webborn; T Abel
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-04-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of sports medicine     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1473-0480     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-25     Completed Date:  2006-08-28     Revised Date:  2013-06-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0432520     Medline TA:  Br J Sports Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  684-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Department of Exercise & Sport Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, Alsager, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Anaerobic Threshold / physiology
Exercise Test / methods
Football / physiology*
Heart Rate / physiology
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Physical Fitness / physiology*
Quadriplegia / physiopathology*
Tennis / physiology*

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