Document Detail

Aerobic and anaerobic power characteristics of off-road cyclists.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11474343     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between anaerobic power at different pedaling frequencies (including the optimal cadence) and aerobic power in off-road cyclists (CYC; N = 25) and sports students, who did not perform specific cycle exercise more than two times per week (CON; N = 60). METHODS: To describe the aerobic power, we measured the maximal power output (W(max)) and the power output at the fixed lactate threshold at 4 mmol x L(-1) (W(L4)) obtained during a maximal aerobic power cycling test. To describe anaerobic power output, we measured the average power output (IsoW(mean)) over a range from 50 to 140 rpm by using a 10-s sprint on an isokinetic cycle ergometer. RESULTS: For the 10-s anaerobic test, CON and CYC showed a peak power output (IsoW(peak)) of 13.3 +/- 1.4 and 14.9 +/- 1.1 W x kg(-1), respectively. IsoW(peak) corresponded to an optimal cadence of 100 +/- 9.3 rpm for CON and 100 +/- 8.7 rpm for CYC. There was a significant difference (P < 0.001) in the W(max):IsoW(peak) (W(aerobic):W(anaerobic)) ratio between CON (32 +/- 4.5%) and CYC (38 +/- 3.9%). Significant differences among group means were identified using an ANOVA test and a post hoc analysis. The off-road cyclists showed a significantly higher IsoW(mean) at all pedaling frequencies and at the optimal cadence (P < 0.01). There was a modest relationship between W(max) and IsoW(peak) in both groups (CON r = 0.53; CYC r = 0.64; P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Anaerobic power values are important components associated with cycle performance in both noncyclists and off-road cyclists. However, the results of the present study demonstrated the usefulness of the power index in the physiological evaluation of off-road cyclists, as it gives information on the proportion of aerobic to anaerobic energy contribution.
R Baron
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2001 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-07-27     Completed Date:  2001-09-20     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1387-93     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Institute of Sports Science, Department of Prevention and Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, University of Vienna, Austria.
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MeSH Terms
Bicycling / physiology*
Energy Metabolism*
Lactic Acid / blood,  metabolism
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Endurance*
Reg. No./Substance:
50-21-5/Lactic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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