Document Detail


Adverse reproductive outcomes among female veterinarians.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2356819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Because female veterinarians are exposed to several known reproductive hazards, the authors conducted a reproductive survey of all female graduates of a US veterinary school (n = 537) and law school (comparison group, n = 794). Analysis was confined to pregnancies completed after the second year of professional school and from 1966 to 1986. Based on one randomly chosen eligible pregnancy per woman (veterinarians, n = 176; lawyers, n = 229), spontaneous abortion rates, adjusted for elective abortions, were 13.3% for the veterinarians and 15.1% for the lawyers; these did not differ significantly. A Cox life table regression model controlling for age, smoking, alcohol use, and prior spontaneous abortion also showed no significant difference in spontaneous abortion rates between the two populations. Using all pregnancies, veterinarians who reported performing five or more radiographic examinations per week had a marginally elevated risk of spontaneous abortion, but the statistical significance disappeared when analysis was limited to one random pregnancy per woman. For one random eligible birth per woman, the mean birth weight did not differ significantly between the veterinarians and lawyers, even after controlling for possible confounders in regression analyses. A higher rate of reportable birth defects was observed among the veterinarians than among the lawyers (relative risk = 4.2, 95% confidence interval 1.2-15.1), but this unexpected result must be considered hypothesis-generating. The authors did not find an overall increased risk for spontaneous abortion or low birth weight infants among veterinarians compared with lawyers, but veterinarians who reported performing five or more radiographic examinations per week may have been at increased risk for spontaneous abortion.
Authors:
M B Schenker; S J Samuels; R S Green; P Wiggins
Related Documents :
10357989 - Increased blood vessel density in decidua parietalis is associated with spontaneous hum...
8207709 - Mhc class ii compatibility in aborted fetuses and term infants of couples with recurren...
8172989 - Spontaneous abortions among cosmetologists.
18772099 - The choice of second trimester abortion method: evolution, evidence and ethics.
2712519 - Rapid karyotyping of spontaneous abortions with trophoblastic villi.
17922699 - The placental barrier in allogenic immune conflict in spontaneous early abortions: immu...
9179139 - Malabsorption syndrome associated with ulceration of the stomach and small bowel caused...
19916889 - Group b streptococcus colonization during pregnancy and maternal-fetal transmission in ...
16796619 - Polymorphic eruption of pregnancy.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of epidemiology     Volume:  132     ISSN:  0002-9262     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Epidemiol.     Publication Date:  1990 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-07-20     Completed Date:  1990-07-20     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7910653     Medline TA:  Am J Epidemiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  96-106     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of California, Davis.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abortion, Incomplete / epidemiology,  etiology
Adolescent
Adult
Birth Weight
Cohort Studies
Congenital Abnormalities / epidemiology,  etiology
Environmental Exposure
Female
Fetal Death
Humans
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Outcome*
Questionnaires
Radiography / adverse effects
Risk Factors
Veterinary Medicine*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The epidemiologic field investigation: science and judgment in public health practice.
Next Document:  Geographic variations in US asthma mortality: small-area analyses of excess mortality, 1981-1985.