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Adverse myocardial effects of B-vitamin therapy in subjects with chronic kidney disease and hyperhomocysteinaemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22902185     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hyperhomocysteinaemia (HHCY), a common finding in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), has been shown to contribute to adverse cardiac remodelling and failure. We hypothesised that in human subjects with CKD, HHCY would be associated with myocardial dysfunction, and that homocysteine (HCY)-lowering therapy would improve myocardial remodelling and heart-failure (HF) outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Post hoc analysis of the Homocysteinemia in Kidney and End Stage Renal Disease (HOST) trial (n=2056) was performed to determine if HCY-lowering therapy with high dose B vitamins affects HF outcomes in patients with CKD. In addition, effects on myocardial remodelling were assessed in a subgroup of 220 trial subjects who had transthoracic echocardiograms done before study randomisation and during the course of the study as part of their routine clinical care. HF outcomes were not significantly affected by treatment compared to the placebo. HCY levels were inversely correlated with diastolic function (R=-0.21; p=0.038). Vitamin therapy resulted in a significant increase in left atrial size (+0.15±0.8cm vs. -0.13±0.07cm; p=0.0095). No other echocardiographic parameters were significantly associated with baseline HCY levels or changes with vitamin therapy. CONCLUSION: HHCY is associated with diastolic dysfunction in patients with CKD. However, B-vitamin therapy did not improve HF outcomes despite lowering of plasma HCY levels, and was associated with an increase in left atrial size, which is a surrogate for worsening left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. These findings suggest that high-dose B vitamin therapy may be harmful in patients with CKD.
Authors:
Z Rafeq; J D Roh; P Guarino; J Kaufman; J Joseph
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1590-3729     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9111474     Medline TA:  Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Veteran Affairs Boston Healthcare System, Department of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.
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