Document Detail

Adverse effects of nutritional programming during prenatal and early postnatal life, some aspects of regulation and potential prevention and treatments.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19996479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Nutritional programming, regulation and some ways for prevention/treatment to ameliorate or normalize adverse outcomes of programming are discussed. Epidemiological studies in human and animal experiments showed that nutrition during fetal and neonatal life may lead to related disorders in adulthood. But several argues may question its validity arising the question of the adequate models used to reproduce human situations. Protein level in milk formula intake by infant during neonatal life is discussed. Body weight at birth reflects the product growth trajectory during fetal life. Low birth weight is considered as the result of an adverse growth trajectory and is often associated with later metabolic diseases in adult age. But, the sum of prenatal growth trajectory, rapid growth in early infancy (catch up growth), early adiposity rebound in childhood must be considered to determine the origins of later diseases in adulthood. The review focuses the regulation of nutritional imprinting on hormonal and epigenetic mechanisms which are complementary. The HPA axis and GH-IGF axis may have a crucial role in the regulation induced by nutritional programming. The persistent alterations seem to be a consequence, at least in part, of elevated insulin levels during "critical periods" of pre- and early postnatal development. Also, leptin seems to play an important role in this complex system. New knowledge about these mechanisms involved suggest the development of new, rational, and effective preventive and/or therapeutic options before and/or after birth. Thus, early infancy may provide an opportunity for intervention aimed at reducing later disease risk.
P Guilloteau; R Zabielski; H M Hammon; C C Metges
Related Documents :
9200879 - Neonatal hypoglycemia in infants with intrauterine growth retardation due to pregnancy-...
8543289 - Secular growth trend in two generations of the russian population.
10321789 - Increased energy expenditure and fecal fat excretion do not impair weight gain in small...
1930599 - Caring for hospitalized infants.
18196949 - Growth and nutrition: the first six months.
2621289 - Mid-arm circumference and mid-arm circumference: head circumference ratio for assessing...
1634569 - Studies on perceived breast-milk insufficiency: relation to attitude and practice.
18716739 - Cleft palate habilitation.
19637999 - Sites of initial bleeding episodes, mode of delivery and age of diagnosis in babies wit...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of physiology and pharmacology : an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society     Volume:  60 Suppl 3     ISSN:  1899-1505     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Physiol. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-09     Completed Date:  2010-04-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9114501     Medline TA:  J Physiol Pharmacol     Country:  Poland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  17-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
INRA, U1079, Unite Mixte de Recherche - Systeme Elevage, Nutrition Animale et Humaine (UMR SENAH), Domaine de la Prise, 35590 Saint-Gilles, France.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Child Development
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease
Epigenesis, Genetic
Fetal Development / physiology*
Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
Genomic Imprinting / physiology
Malnutrition / complications,  physiopathology*
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Nutritional Status*
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects*
Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Contribution of genomics to the understanding of physiological functions.
Next Document:  Gastrointestinal tract and digestion in the young ruminant: ontogenesis, adaptations, consequences a...