Document Detail

Adverse effects of homeopathy: a systematic review of published case reports and case series.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23163497     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: The aim of this systematic review was to critically evaluate the evidence regarding the adverse effects (AEs) of homeopathy.
METHOD: Five electronic databases were searched to identify all relevant case reports and case series.
RESULTS: In total, 38 primary reports met our inclusion criteria. Of those, 30 pertained to direct AEs of homeopathic remedies; and eight were related to AEs caused by the substitution of conventional medicine with homeopathy. The total number of patients who experienced AEs of homeopathy amounted to 1159. Overall, AEs ranged from mild-to-severe and included four fatalities. The most common AEs were allergic reactions and intoxications. Rhus toxidendron was the most frequently implicated homeopathic remedy.
CONCLUSION: Homeopathy has the potential to harm patients and consumers in both direct and indirect ways. Clinicians should be aware of its risks and advise their patients accordingly.
P Posadzki; A Alotaibi; E Ernst
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of clinical practice     Volume:  66     ISSN:  1742-1241     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Clin. Pract.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-20     Completed Date:  2013-11-12     Revised Date:  2014-03-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712381     Medline TA:  Int J Clin Pract     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1178-88     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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MeSH Terms
Drug Eruptions / etiology
Epidemiologic Methods
Materia Medica / adverse effects*,  poisoning
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Materia Medica
Comment In:
Int J Clin Pract. 2013 Apr;67(4):385-6   [PMID:  23521332 ]
Int J Clin Pract. 2013 Apr;67(4):386-7   [PMID:  23521333 ]
Int J Clin Pract. 2013 Apr;67(4):388-9   [PMID:  23521335 ]
Int J Clin Pract. 2013 Sep;67(9):923-6   [PMID:  23952470 ]
J Altern Complement Med. 2014 Jan;20(1):67-8   [PMID:  24325261 ]
Int J Clin Pract. 2013 Apr;67(4):389   [PMID:  23521336 ]

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