Document Detail

Adverse encounters with alligators in the United States: an update.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20591380     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Severe injuries and fatalities can occur from an alligator attack. Encounters with alligators appear to be increasing in the United States. This review provides information from alligator attacks reported in the United States as well as infections that may occur after an alligator bite. METHODS: Telephone interviews were conducted with state wildlife offices in all Southern states in order to collect information on the number of alligator bites, nuisance calls, and the estimated alligator population of each state. Detailed information from alligator attacks in Florida is presented, including basic demographic information on the victims and description of the types of injuries and the activity of the victim at the time of injury. Additional information regarding the size and behavior of the alligator involved in the attack is also provided in many cases. RESULTS: There have been 567 reports of adverse encounters with alligators with 24 deaths reported in the United States from 1928 to January 1, 2009. In addition, thousands of nuisance calls are made yearly and the number of nuisance calls as well as the alligator population is increasing in many states. CONCLUSIONS: Injuries from encounters with alligators may range from minor scratches and punctures to amputations and death. The larger the alligator, the more likely that serious injury will occur. As the human population encroaches on the habitat of the alligator, attacks and nuisance complaints will continue to occur. A uniform reporting system among states should be developed to obtain more complete information on alligator encounters. Guidelines have been developed by many state wildlife officials to reduce adverse encounters with alligators.
Ricky L Langley
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2010-02-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Wilderness & environmental medicine     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1545-1534     ISO Abbreviation:  Wilderness Environ Med     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-01     Completed Date:  2010-10-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9505185     Medline TA:  Wilderness Environ Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  156-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2010 Wilderness Medical Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, Raleigh, NC 27699-1912, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Alligators and Crocodiles* / anatomy & histology
Amputation, Traumatic / pathology
Arm Injuries / pathology
Behavior, Animal
Bites and Stings / complications,  epidemiology*
Child, Preschool
Leg Injuries / pathology
Middle Aged
Population Density
United States / epidemiology
Wound Infection / epidemiology*,  etiology
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Wilderness Medical Society consensus guidelines for the prevention and treatment of acute altitude i...
Next Document:  What's Your Diagnosis?