Document Detail


Advances in the neurobiology of eating disorders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24060915     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To systematize new neurobiological findings on the cause and treatment of eating disorders.
RECENT FINDINGS: The conceptual framework of the cause of eating disorders has undergone great changes in the past decades. Recently, the National Institute of Mental Health proposed a new set of criteria for research purposes - the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC). We aim to structure this study as much as possible using these constructs across biological units of analysis, summarizing new findings. Brain imaging techniques have become sophisticated in identifying brain circuits related to illness behaviour and to fundamental traits such as reward and social processing. Genetic studies have moved from candidate gene studies onto genome-wide association studies; however, the field needs to cooperate to collect larger samples in order to benefit from this approach. Hormonal changes as the results of starvation or as underlying factors for behavioural changes still receive attention in both animal and human studies. Advances made in neuropsychology show problems in cognition (set shifting and central coherence) and in other RDoC domains. Some of these findings have been translated into treatment.
SUMMARY: New biological models are being developed which explain causal and maintaining factors. The RDoC construct may be used to systematize these findings.
Authors:
Annemarie van Elburg; Janet Treasure
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in psychiatry     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1473-6578     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Opin Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-09-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809880     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  556-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
aRintveld Centre for Eating Disorders, Altrecht Mental Health Institute, Zeist & University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands bSection of Eating Disorders, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, UK.
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