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Advancement of physical process by mental activation: A prospective controlled study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23341314     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
According to the literature, patients who are significantly impaired by physical mobility limitations can be rehabilitated if the patient's working memory is used to capacity. The conclusion that periodic mental activity improves physical rehabilitation should be evaluated. This is a prospective, controlled, and randomized open study of patients who underwent a total hip arthroplasty (THA). Sixteen patients who played the video game Dr. Kawashima's Brain Training: How Old Is Your Brain? were compared in terms of rehabilitation progress to 16 individuals who did not play. Harris Hip and Merle d'Aubigné scores were evaluated 1 d preoperation and again 12 +/- 1 d postoperation. Preoperation, no significant differences in hip scores between the gaming and control groups were found (median Harris Hip score: 39 vs 33, respectively, p = 0.304; median Merle D'Aubigné score: 12 vs 9, respectively, p = 0.254). Postoperation, there were significant differences between the gaming and control groups (median Harris Hip score: 76.0 vs 56.5, respectively, p = 0.001; median Merle D'Aubigné score: 16.0 vs 13.5, respectively, p = 0.014). Within both groups, the posttest scores significantly improved; however, the increase for the gaming group was greater for both measures. Because the influence of age, sex, and level of education can be excluded, it can be assumed that mental activities can improve physical rehabilitation after THA.
Authors:
S Lehrl; J Gusinde; S Schulz-Drost; A Rein; P M Schlechtweg; H Jacob; S Krinner; K Gelse; J Pauser; Matthias H Brem
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of rehabilitation research and development     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1938-1352     ISO Abbreviation:  J Rehabil Res Dev     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8410047     Medline TA:  J Rehabil Res Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1221-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Departments of Psychiatry, Surgery, Division of Traumasurgery, and Radiology, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.
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