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Adrenal tumours are more predominant in females regardless of their histological subtype: a review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23299088     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Adrenal tumours are a heterogeneous group of rare tumours. The aim of this article was to critically review gender-specific differences in the incidence, prognosis and symptoms of the different subtypes of adrenal tumours. METHODS: Data acquisition regarding gender differences in adrenal tumours was performed using MEDLINE searches with combinations of the following keywords: adrenal tumours, gender, sex differences, adrenocortical carcinoma, pheochromocytoma, incidentaloma, risk factors and genetic aspects. RESULTS: Data are scarce in the literature concerning the effects of gender on adrenal lesions. Although the incidence of most types of tumours (other than breast cancer and other gender-related tumours) is higher in men than in women, evidence suggests that adrenal tumours (i.e. incidentalomas, adrenal carcinomas, oncocytomas and adrenal cysts) are more frequent in women than in men. In addition, female patients have significantly increased numbers of self-reported signs and symptoms of pheochromocytoma than male patients, irrespective of biochemical phenotype and tumour presentation. Relatively little research has been performed examining the reasons for these disparities. However, hormonal interactions involving complex adrenal, endocrine and neurocrine functions together with variations in hormonal receptor sensitivity have been hypothesised to be involved. CONCLUSION: Gender differences exist in the incidence and symptoms of several subtypes of adrenal tumours. The reasons for these disparities are not well established. In addition to epidemiological data, these results need to be further investigated to better understand the role of genetic and hormonal predispositions in the development, behaviour and aggressiveness of adrenal tumours.
Authors:
François Audenet; Arnaud Méjean; Emmanuel Chartier-Kastler; Morgan Rouprêt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of urology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-8726     ISO Abbreviation:  World J Urol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8307716     Medline TA:  World J Urol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Academic Department of Urology of Georges Pompidou European Hospital (HEGP), Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Faculté de Médecine Paris Descartes , University Paris V, Paris, France.
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