Document Detail

Adrenal insufficiency in pregnancy: challenging issues in diagnosis and management.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23377701     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Adrenal insufficiency (AI) in pregnancy is relatively rare, but it is associated with significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality if untreated during gestation or in the puerperium. Hence, timely diagnosis and decisive treatment by the clinician are critical. However, due to pregnancy-induced metabolic and endocrine changes and the resemblance of symptomatology of AI to those of pregnancy, the diagnosis is often difficult to recognize and challenging to confirm. Normal pregnancy is a state of glucocorticoid excess particularly in the latter stages, and normative values for serum cortisol levels are not well-established. Furthermore, testing the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis using validated stimulation tests during pregnancy are lacking. Therefore, it is the aim of the present review to discuss and to summarize the current knowledge, focussing on the challenges in recognizing AI in pregnancy and interpreting the diagnostic tests, and to propose a clinical approach for optimizing the management of AI in women diagnosed before or during pregnancy.
Kevin C J Yuen; Lindsay E Chong; Christian A Koch
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Endocrine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-0100     ISO Abbreviation:  Endocrine     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9434444     Medline TA:  Endocrine     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Clinical Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Mailcode L607, Portland, OR, 97239-3098, USA,
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