Document Detail


Adolescents' undernutrition and its determinants among in-school communities of Ambo town, West Oromia, Ethiopia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21516966     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is the most important period of life where growth and development are accompanied by various physical, physiological, behavioral, and social changes leading to increased demand for nutrients which could pose a greater risk of malnutrition.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the magnitude of adolescents' undernutrition and its determinants in public schools of Ambo town.
METHODS: A cross-sectional study design with analytical component was conducted between March 20 and April 10, 2008. A total of 425 in-school adolescents were assessed for their nutritional status. Weight, height and other important socio-demographic and dietary information were taken using pre-tested questionnaire. Body Mass Index (BMI) was computed and compared to the reference standards.
RESULTS: The overall prevalence of underweight and overweight was 27.5% and 4.3% respectively. The proportion of underweight was higher in males (29.8%) than females (24.6%) while overweight were higher in females (4.9%) than males (3.8%). However, the difference noted was not significant (P = 0.4). Underweight was significantly higher in early (38.1%) than late (18.6%) adolescent (p = 0.001). The most important predictors identified for underweight were adolescent's age, menarche onset, food source for consumption and family possession of cattle (p < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Underweight in the in-school adolescents is prevalent. To help adolescents build better futures with more civic education and life skills, an integrated nutrition and health related services that meet the needs of adolescents in the school community is recommended.
Authors:
T Alemayehu; J Haidar; D Habte
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  East African journal of public health     Volume:  7     ISSN:  0856-8960     ISO Abbreviation:  East Afr J Public Health     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101302040     Medline TA:  East Afr J Public Health     Country:  Tanzania    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  263-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Addis Ababa University, Medical Faculty, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
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