Document Detail

Adolescent smoking trajectories and nicotine dependence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18236299     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present study correlates empirically constructed prospective adolescent smoking trajectories with indicators of nicotine dependence assessed in adolescence and in adulthood. Excluding individuals who reported no smoking during repeat assessment (nonadopters), we identified five smoking trajectory groups: experimenters (n=116, 48.5%), late increasers (n=39, 16.3%), early increasers (n=37, 15.5%), quitters (n=22, 9.2%), and persistent smokers (n=25, 10.5%). Higher frequency of nicotine dependence symptoms in adolescence occurred in the quitters and persistent smokers groups, who smoked at higher levels relative to the experimenters, late increasers, and early increasers groups, who reported a similar frequency of nicotine dependence symptoms and smoked at low levels. Lifetime nicotine dependence was assessed in adulthood in lifetime daily smokers using the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) and the Nicotine Dependence Scale (NDS). Lifetime FTND levels were similar across trajectory groups. Relative to experimenters, all remaining smoking trajectory groups had higher NDS levels that were similar to one another. These results suggest that higher levels of adolescent nicotine dependence were associated with heavier smoking trajectory groups, and that regardless of trajectory group membership, smoking more than a few cigarettes per week throughout adolescence resulted in similar levels of lifetime nicotine dependence as measured by the FTND and NDS.
Christina N Lessov-Schlaggar; Hyman Hops; Janet Brigham; Karen Suchanek Hudmon; Judy A Andrews; Elizabeth Tildesley; Dale McBride; Lisa M Jack; Harold S Javitz; Gary E Swan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1462-2203     ISO Abbreviation:  Nicotine Tob. Res.     Publication Date:  2008 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-31     Completed Date:  2008-06-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815751     Medline TA:  Nicotine Tob Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  341-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Behavior*
Behavior, Addictive / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Confidence Intervals
Cross-Sectional Studies
Life Style*
Longitudinal Studies
Odds Ratio
Peer Group
Reproducibility of Results
Smoking / epidemiology*,  psychology
Tobacco Use Disorder / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
United States / epidemiology
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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