Document Detail


Adolescent risk factors for late-onset smoking among African American young men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17365746     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examined adolescent risk factors for late-onset cigarette smoking among African American males. Data came from the Pittsburgh Youth Study, a longitudinal study of young men followed from age 13 to age 25. Individuals who began smoking at age 17 or older were compared with those who began smoking by age 16 and with those who never smoked in terms of risk factors measured in middle (at age 16) and late adolescence (from age 17 to 19). The study included 281 African American young men. A total of 18 psychological, behavioral, and environmental risk factors were measured at age 16, and 19 risk factors were measured between ages 17 and 19. Several risk factors at age 16 differed between early-onset and late-onset smokers or nonsmokers; however, in multivariate analyses, only peer drug use and truancy were significant. Among the age 16 risk factors, only truancy differentiated late-onset smokers from nonsmokers. Late adolescence behavioral risk factors were significantly related to late-onset smoking. However, only smoking marijuana and highest grade completed differentiated late-onset smokers from nonsmokers in multivariate analyses. Well-established predictors of cigarette smoking assessed in middle adolescence could identify individuals who already smoked but could not distinguish between those who would and would not begin smoking later. Late adolescence life transitions were not related to late-onset smoking. More research is needed to examine contextual factors in late adolescence and early adulthood that protect against and precipitate late-onset of smoking for African Americans.
Authors:
Helene Raskin White; Nancy M Violette; Lisa Metzger; Magda Stouthamer-Loeber
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1462-2203     ISO Abbreviation:  Nicotine Tob. Res.     Publication Date:  2007 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-16     Completed Date:  2007-05-08     Revised Date:  2007-12-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815751     Medline TA:  Nicotine Tob Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  153-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Center of Alcohol Studies, Rutgers-The State University of New Jersey, 607 Allison Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8001, USA. hewhite@rci.rutgers.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
African Americans / statistics & numerical data*
Age of Onset
Depression / ethnology
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Family / psychology
Humans
Male
Mass Screening / methods
Religion
Risk Factors
Smoking / epidemiology,  ethnology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA17552/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; DA411018/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; MH050778/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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