Document Detail

Adolescent pregnancy in the United States.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12467178     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The rates of adolescent pregnancies and births in the United States are higher than those in most industrialized nations. Fortunately, the rates of sexual activity, pregnancies, and births have declined in the last few years. Contraceptive use has increased and the induced abortion rate and ratio have also declined. The decrease in sexual activity and the increase in contraceptive use are usually attributed, at least in part, to fear of contracting HIV/AIDS. Other contributing factors may be health education programs, a changing moral climate, new contraceptives, and the improved economy. The decrease in sexual activity and increase in contraceptive use have led to the decline in the pregnancy and birth rates. The decline in induced abortions is probably due to legislation restricting access to abortion for minors, harassment of abortion facilities, and violence against abortion providers. Programs to prevent adolescent pregnancies and births have traditionally focused on health education and provision of contraceptive services. Recently there has been increased emphasis, supported by federal funds, on teaching about the value of abstinence. Another new approach has been youth development programs that provide adolescents with opportunities to interact with caring adults outside of their families and to build self-esteem, a sense of self-worth, and skills.
Lorraine V Klerman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of adolescent medicine and health     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0334-0139     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Adolesc Med Health     Publication Date:    2002 Apr-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-06     Completed Date:  2002-12-27     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506960     Medline TA:  Int J Adolesc Med Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  91-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Behavior*
Adolescent Psychology
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care)
Pregnancy in Adolescence / prevention & control*,  statistics & numerical data*
Primary Prevention / organization & administration
Sex Education / methods*
Sexual Behavior / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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