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Adolescent hyperactivity and impaired coordination after neonatal hyperoxia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22449476     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In preterm infants, the risk to develop attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is 3 to 4-fold higher than in term infants. Moreover, preterm infants exhibit deficits in motor coordination and balance. Based on clinical data, higher oxygen levels in preterm infants lead to worse neurological outcome, and experimental hyperoxia causes wide-ranging cerebral changes in neonatal rodents. We hypothesize that hyperoxia in the immature brain may affect motor activity in preterm infants. We subjected newborn mice from P6 to P8 to 48h of hyperoxia (80% O(2)) and tested motor activity in running wheels starting at adolescent age P30. Subsequently, from P44 to P53, regular wheels were replaced by complex wheels with variable crossbar positions to assess motor coordination deficits. MRI with diffusion tensor imaging was performed in the corpus callosum to determine white matter diffusivity in mice after hyperoxia at ages P30 and P53 in comparison to control animals. Adolescent mice after neonatal hyperoxia revealed significantly higher values for maximum velocity and mean velocity in regular wheels than controls (P<0.05). In the complex running wheels, however, maximum velocity was decreased in animals after hyperoxia, as compared to controls (P<0.05). Decreased fractional anisotropy and increased radial diffusion coefficient were observed in the corpus callosum of P30 and P53 mice after neonatal hyperoxia compared to control mice. Hyperoxia in the immature brain causes hyperactivity, motor coordination deficits, and impaired white matter diffusivity in adolescent and young adult mice.
Authors:
Thomas Schmitz; Stefanie Endesfelder; Marie-Christine Reinert; Florian Klinker; Susanne Müller; Christoph Bührer; David Liebetanz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental neurology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1090-2430     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370712     Medline TA:  Exp Neurol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Neonatology, Charité University Medical Center, 13353 Berlin, Germany.
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