Document Detail


Adolescent neurocognitive development, self-regulation, and school-based drug use prevention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23408284     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Adolescence is marked by several key development-related changes, including neurocognitive changes. Cognitive abilities associated with self-regulation are not fully developed until late adolescence or early adulthood whereas tendencies to take risks and seek thrilling and novel experience seem to increase significantly throughout this phase, resulting in a discrepancy between increased susceptibility to poor regulation and lower ability to exercise self-control. Increased vulnerability to drug use initiation, maintenance, and dependence during adolescence may be explained based on this imbalance in the self-regulation system. In this paper, we highlight the relevance of schools as a setting for delivering adolescent drug use prevention programs that are based on recent findings from neuroscience concerning adolescent brain development. We discuss evidence from school-based as well as laboratory research that suggests that suitable training may improve adolescents' executive brain functions that underlie self-regulation abilities and, as a result, help prevent drug use and abuse. We note that considerable further research is needed in order (1) to determine that self-regulation training has effects at the neurocognitive level and (2) to effectively incorporate self-regulation training based on neuropsychological models into school-based programming.
Authors:
Pallav Pokhrel; Thaddeus A Herzog; David S Black; Adnin Zaman; Nathaniel R Riggs; Steve Sussman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prevention science : the official journal of the Society for Prevention Research     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1573-6695     ISO Abbreviation:  Prev Sci     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-22     Completed Date:  2013-10-21     Revised Date:  2014-10-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100894724     Medline TA:  Prev Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  218-28     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Central Nervous System / growth & development*
Cognition*
Humans
School Health Services*
Substance-Related Disorders / prevention & control*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA016090/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; DA020138/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; DA13814/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; P50 DA016094/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; P50 DA16094/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA013814/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA020138/DA/NIDA NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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