Document Detail

Admission of hypertensive patients at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17886427     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: There is a suggestion of an identifiable impact of hypertension on all cause mortality in rural Africa. There is however paucity of hard data on the impact of morbidity or modality from this disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of hypertension (HT) to adult morbidity and mortality at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH) in Benin City, Nigeria. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University of Benin Teaching Hospital. SUBJECTS: Adult hypertensive admissions (HTA) in Benin City, Edo state, Nigeria during the period January 2000 to December 2002. RESULTS: There were a total of 2,852 adult medical admissions during the study period out of which 575 were because of hypertension related morbidity. Only 302 (52.5%) of these were previously diagnosed as hypertensives). The most common hypertensive complication was cerebrovascular accident followed by congestive cardiac failure and chronic renal failure in order of decreasing frequency. The annual adult mortality rate from medical admissions was 5.6%. Mortality due to hypertensive complications constituted 10.5% of overall hospital adult mortality and 16.1% of deaths from medical causes. The annual mortality rate among HTA was 22.1% (252/1000) with a male:female ratio of 2:1. CONCLUSION: The contribution of systemic hypertension to adult morbidity and mortality is very significant. There is need for more concerted effort to create hypertension awareness, and to achieve good control and prevention of hypertensive complications.
V A Ukoh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  East African medical journal     Volume:  84     ISSN:  0012-835X     ISO Abbreviation:  East Afr Med J     Publication Date:  2007 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-09-24     Completed Date:  2007-11-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372766     Medline TA:  East Afr Med J     Country:  Kenya    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  329-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Cause of Death
Heart Failure / etiology,  mortality*
Hospitals, Teaching / utilization*
Hypertension / complications*,  prevention & control
Kidney Failure, Chronic / etiology,  mortality*
Middle Aged
Patient Admission / statistics & numerical data
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Stroke / etiology,  mortality*

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