Document Detail


Administrative integration of vertical HIV monitoring and evaluation into health systems: a case study from South Africa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23364092     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: In light of an increasing global focus on health system strengthening and integration of vertical programmes within health systems, methods and tools are required to examine whether general health service managers exercise administrative authority over vertical programmes. Objective: To measure the extent to which general health service (horizontal) managers, exercise authority over the HIV programme's monitoring and evaluation (M&E) function, and to explore factors that may influence this exercise of authority. Methods: This cross-sectional survey involved interviews with 51 managers. We drew ideas from the concept of 'exercised decision-space' - traditionally used to measure local level managers' exercise of authority over health system functions following decentralisation. Our main outcome measure was the degree of exercised authority - classified as 'low', 'medium' or 'high' - over four M&E domains (HIV data collection, collation, analysis, and use). We applied ordinal logistic regression to assess whether actor type (horizontal or vertical) was predictive of a higher degree of exercised authority, independent of management capacity (training and experience), and M&E knowledge. Results: Relative to vertical managers, horizontal managers had lower HIV M&E knowledge, were more likely to exercise a higher degree of authority over HIV data collation (OR 7.26; CI: 1.9, 27.4), and less likely to do so over HIV data use (OR 0.19; CI: 0.05, 0.84). A higher HIV M&E knowledge score was predictive of a higher exercised authority over HIV data use (OR 1.22; CI: 0.99, 1.49). There was no association between management capacity and degree of authority. Conclusions: This study demonstrates a HIV M&E model that is neither fully vertical nor integrated. The HIV M&E is characterised by horizontal managers producing HIV information while vertical managers use it. This may undermine policies to strengthen integrated health system planning and management under the leadership of horizontal managers.
Authors:
Mary Kawonga; Sharon Fonn; Duane Blaauw
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-01-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Global health action     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1654-9880     ISO Abbreviation:  Glob Health Action     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101496665     Medline TA:  Glob Health Action     Country:  Sweden    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Gauteng Health Department, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital,Johannesburg, South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa; mary.kawonga@wits.ac.za.
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