Document Detail


Administration time-dependent change in the effect of spironolactone in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7799517     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study was undertaken to examine whether the natriuretic effect of spironolactone, a competitive antagonist of mineralocorticoid, varies with its time of administration. Wistar rat maintained under the condition of light from 7 hr to 19 hr were divided into two groups. The first group had a bilateral adrenalectomy and received a 50-mg deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA) tablet intraperitoneally (DOCA group). The second group had a sham operation (control group). Spironolactone (50 mg/kg) was given orally at 12 hr or 24 hr, and the 8-hr urine was collected. At the end of the experiment, the blood sample for measurement of aldosterone was obtained at 12 hr and 24 hr in the control group. The natriuretic effect of spironolactone in the 24 hr-trial was significantly greater than that of the 12 hr-trial in the control group. However, such a time-dependent difference was diminished and did not reach statistical significance in the DOCA group. The plasma aldosterone concentration at 24 hr was significantly higher than that at 12 hr in the control group. These results suggest that the natriuretic effect of spironolactone varies with its time of administration. Daily variation in mineralocorticoid activity might be involved in this chronopharmacological phenomenon of spironolactone.
Authors:
T Shiga; A Fujimura; A Ebihara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Japanese journal of pharmacology     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0021-5198     ISO Abbreviation:  Jpn. J. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1994 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-01-23     Completed Date:  1995-01-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2983305R     Medline TA:  Jpn J Pharmacol     Country:  JAPAN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  179-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Oral
Adrenalectomy
Aldosterone / blood*
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Circadian Rhythm*
Desoxycorticosterone / administration & dosage,  pharmacology
Injections, Intraperitoneal
Male
Natriuresis / drug effects*
Potassium / urine
Random Allocation
Rats
Rats, Wistar
Sodium / urine
Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms
Spironolactone / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
52-01-7/Spironolactone; 52-39-1/Aldosterone; 64-85-7/Desoxycorticosterone; 7440-09-7/Potassium; 7440-23-5/Sodium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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