Document Detail


Adjuvants to local anaesthesia in ophthalmic surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21441237     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This article reviews the use of adjuvants to local anaesthesia for ophthalmic regional anaesthesia. Hyaluronidase, bicarbonate, epinephrine, muscle relaxants, opiates and clonidine have all been described singly and in combination for use as an adjuvant to ophthalmic regional anaesthesia. The article focuses on the efficacy of the adjuvants with regard to improving akinesia, analgesia, speed of onset and reducing block failure. A description of the pharmacological action of each adjuvant is given followed by a review of randomised control trials, dosage and notable papers on the subject. There is no effective consensus between anaesthetists or surgeons on the use of adjuvants to local anaesthesia and it so is the purpose of this review to draw attention to the wealth of current data and allow an informed decision on the choices available.
Authors:
Lee Adams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of ophthalmology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1468-2079     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421041     Medline TA:  Br J Ophthalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
London, UK.
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