Document Detail

Adjuvant Treatment for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer Patients After Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy: When, and for Whom?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25080847     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The standard treatment for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (clinical tumor, node, metastases [TNM] stage II or III) is radiotherapy before surgery (with or without concomitant fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy) followed by surgery. The role of adjuvant chemotherapy in this setting of patients is controversial in terms of the overall benefit on survival, the subgroup of patients who might not need it, and the best regimen (combination regimens vs. fluoropyrimidine alone).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Based on the retrospective analysis of the clinical outcome of all patients with locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma treated at our institute during the past 9 years, we comment on prognostic factors for local and distant metastases of patients who received neoadjuvant treatment followed by surgery, and the scientific evidence that can help to decide the adjuvant chemotherapy.
RESULTS: We conclude that pathological TNM stage after neoadjuvant chemoradiation (ypTNM) stage after surgery significantly affects disease-free and overall survival. In particular, patients with pathologically positive lymph nodes (ypN+) after surgery have a high probability of developing distant metastases.
CONCLUSION: ypN+ patients are candidate for intensified adjuvant chemotherapy.
Alfonso De Stefano; Roberto Moretto; Luigi Bucci; Stefano Pepe; Francesco Jacopo Romano; Alessandra Chiara Cella; Laura Attademo; Mario Rosanova; Stefano De Falco; Giovanni Fiore; Lucia Raimondo; Sabino De Placido; Chiara Carlomagno
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical colorectal cancer     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1938-0674     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Colorectal Cancer     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101120693     Medline TA:  Clin Colorectal Cancer     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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