Document Detail


Adjustment of L-T4 substitutive therapy in pregnant women with subclinical, overt or post-ablative hypothyroidism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18771569     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Maternal hyperthyrotropinaemia is associated with an increased risk of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Physiological changes during pregnancy require an increased production of thyroid hormones (or an increase in daily substitutive doses of L-T4 in hypothyroid patients) to meet the maternal and foetal needs. The aim of the study was to evaluate variations of substitutive L-T4 doses that are able to maintain serum TSH between 0.5 and 2.5 mU/l in pregnant women with subclinical- (SH), overt- (OH) and post-ablative (PH) hypothyroidism. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study on hypothyroid pregnant women referred to the out-patient department between January 2004 and December 2006. PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: A total of 185 pregnant women were studied during gestation; 155 patients (76 SH, 52 OH, 27 PH) were already on L-T4 before conception and 30 (SH) started L-T4 therapy during gestation. Thyroid function and body weight were evaluated every 4-6 weeks. RESULTS: In the group of patients already treated before conception, 134 (86.5%) increased L-T4 doses during gestation one or more times, eight (6%) reached a definitive therapeutic dosage within the 12th week of pregnancy, 64 (47.8%) within the 20th week and 62 (46.2%) within the 31st week. This initial L-T4 increase at the first evaluation during pregnancy was 22.9 +/- 9.8 microg/day. The final L-T4 doses were significantly different depending on the aetiology, being 101.0 +/- 24.6 microg/day in SH, 136.8 +/- 30.4 microg/day in OH and 159.0 +/- 24.6 microg/day in PH. The per cent increase of L-T4, expressed as Delta% of absolute dose, was +70% in SH, +45% in OH and +49% in PH as compared to baseline dose. In SH patients diagnosed during gestation, the starting L-T4 dose was higher than L-T4 dose before pregnancy of SH patients already treated (75.4 +/- 14.5 and 63.2 +/- 20.1 microg/day, respectively), whereas the final doses were similar. L-T4 dose was increased one or more times in 24 patients (80%), 8 reached the definitive dosage within the second trimester (33.3%) and 16 within the third trimester (66.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Serum TSH and FT4 measurements are mandatory in pregnant patients and the optimal timing for increasing L-T4 is the first trimester of pregnancy, though many patients require adjustments also during the second and third trimester. The aetiology of hypothyroidism influences the adjustment of L-T4 therapy and SH patients needed a larger increase than OH and PH. Close monitoring during pregnancy appears to be mandatory in hypothyroid women.
Authors:
Uberta Verga; Silvia Bergamaschi; Donatella Cortelazzi; Stefania Ronzoni; Anna Maria Marconi; Paolo Beck-Peccoz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-09-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical endocrinology     Volume:  70     ISSN:  1365-2265     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf)     Publication Date:  2009 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-02     Completed Date:  2009-07-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0346653     Medline TA:  Clin Endocrinol (Oxf)     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  798-802     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medical Sciences, University of Milan, Endocrinology and Diabetology Unit, Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico IRCCS, DMCO San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Female
Humans
Hypothyroidism / blood,  complications*,  drug therapy*
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications / blood,  drug therapy*
Pregnancy Trimesters / blood
Retrospective Studies
Thyrotropin / blood
Thyroxine / administration & dosage*,  blood
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7488-70-2/Thyroxine; 9002-71-5/Thyrotropin

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