Document Detail


Adipose tissue distribution and plasma lipoprotein levels in obese women. Importance of intra-abdominal fat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2923576     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Prospective studies have shown that excess abdominal fat is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and related death. We used computed axial tomography (CAT) to assess the association between deep and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue and plasma lipoprotein levels in a sample of 52 premenopausal obese women aged 35.7 +/- 5.5 years (mean +/- SD). Whereas the plasma lipoprotein concentration were not significantly correlated with fat mass, the data obtained by CAT indicated that the absolute amount of deep abdominal fat was negatively correlated with high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-CHOL) levels (r = -0.35, p less than 0.01), as well as with HDL-CHOL/low density lipoprotein (LDL)-CHOL, HDL-apoprotein-(apo) A-I/LDL-apo B, and HDL2-CHOL/HDL3-CHOL ratios (-0.32 less than or equal to r less than or equal to -0.40, 0.05 greater than p less than 0.01). Adipose tissue deposition at the mid-thigh region determined by CAT did not show any significant relationship with plasma lipoprotein levels. When subgroups of women with comparable ages and adiposity but with high and low intra-abdominal fat accumulation were compared, women with a high accumulation of intra-abdominal fat displayed significantly lower HDL-CHOL (p less than 0.001), HDL2-CHOL (p less than 0.001), HDL3-CHOL (p less than 0.01), and HDL-apo A-I (p less than 0.05) levels, as well as reduced HDL-CHOL/LDL-CHOL (p less than 0.01), HDL-apo A-I/LDL-apo B (p less than 0.05), and HDL2-CHOL/HDL3-CHOL ratios (p less than 0.05) in comparison with obese women with low accumulations of intra-abdominal fat.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
J P Després; S Moorjani; M Ferland; A Tremblay; P J Lupien; A Nadeau; S Pinault; G Thériault; C Bouchard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Arteriosclerosis (Dallas, Tex.)     Volume:  9     ISSN:  0276-5047     ISO Abbreviation:  Arteriosclerosis     Publication Date:    1989 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-04-19     Completed Date:  1989-04-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8401388     Medline TA:  Arteriosclerosis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  203-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Lipid Research Center, Laval University, Ste-Foy, Quebec, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abdomen
Adipose Tissue / pathology*,  radiography
Adult
Anthropometry
Cholesterol / blood
Female
Humans
Lipoproteins / blood*
Obesity / blood*,  pathology,  radiography
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Triglycerides / blood
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lipoproteins; 0/Triglycerides; 57-88-5/Cholesterol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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