Document Detail


Adipocytes differentiated in vitro from rat mesenchymal stem cells lack essential free fatty acids compared to adult adipocytes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22023262     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Adult bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) can be differentiated in vitro to become adipocyte-like cells with lipid vacuoles, similar to adipocytes derived from adult adipose tissue. Little is known regarding the composition of free fatty acids (FFAs) of the in vitro-differentiated adipocytes, or whether it resembles that of native adult adipocytes. We used gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to identify FFA species in BMSC-derived adipocytes and compared them with FFAs found in adipocytes derived from adult adipose tissue. We found that adult adipocytes contained significant percentages of saturated and monounsaturated FFAs, including palmitic acid (C16:0), stearic acid (C18:0), and oleic acid (C18:1); some polyunsaturated FFAs, such as linoleic acid (C18:2), a small percentage of arachidonic acid (C20:4), and very little linolenic acid (C18:3). In comparison, 80%-90% confluent BMSCs contained comparable percentages of palmitic and oleic acids, significantly more arachidonic and stearic acids, very little linoleic acid, and no linolenic acid. After differentiation, compared with adult adipocytes, BMSC-derived adipocytes contained a comparable percentage of palmitic acid, more stearic and arachidonic acids, less oleic acid, almost no linoleic acid, and no detectable linolenic acid. This composition was quite similar to that of undifferentiated BMSCs. The differentiation medium contained only palmitic and stearic acids, with traces of oleic acid; it did not contain the essential polyunsaturated fatty acids. Thus, the composition of FFAs in BMSC-derived adipocytes was altered compared with adult adipocytes. BMSC-derived adipocytes had an altered composition of saturated and monounsaturated FFAs and lacked essential FFAs that may directly affect signaling related to their lipolysis/lipogenesis functions.
Authors:
Florina Maria Bojin; Alexandra Teodora Gruia; Mirabela Iustina Cristea; Valentin Laurentiu Ordodi; Virgil Paunescu; Felix Aurel Mic
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-12-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stem cells and development     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1557-8534     ISO Abbreviation:  Stem Cells Dev.     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-20     Completed Date:  2012-06-11     Revised Date:  2013-06-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101197107     Medline TA:  Stem Cells Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  507-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology and Immunology, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipocytes / cytology,  metabolism*
Animals
Bone Marrow Cells / cytology,  metabolism*
Cell Differentiation / physiology*
Cells, Cultured
Fatty Acids / metabolism*
Lipid Metabolism / physiology*
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells / cytology,  metabolism*
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Vacuoles / metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids
Comments/Corrections

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